55 Appeal


(1) Any dealer or other person aggrieved by an order made by the assessing authority, other than an order mentioned in sub-section (7) of section 48 may, within thirty days from the date of service of the copy of the order, after serving a copy of appeal memo on the assessing authority or the Commissioner, appeal to such authority (hereinafter referred to as appellate authority), as may be prescribed:

Provided that where due to any reason, any appellant fails to serve a copy of appeal memo on the assessing authority before filing appeal, he may serve copy of such appeal memo within a time of one week from the date on which appeal has been filed or within such further time as the appellate authority may permit.

(2) Where an appeal has been filed against an order referred to in subsection (1), the Commissioner may apply to the appellate authority to examine the legality and propriety of such order on such point as may be mentioned in the application. A copy of such application shall be served on the appellant and shall be decided along with the appea  filed by the appellant:

Provided that no application for examination of legality and propriety shall be entertained after the disposal of appeal:

Provided further that where the Commissioner has filed an application, the appellant shall not be entitled to withdraw appeal filed by him.

Explanation- For the purposes of this section Commissioner includes an officer authorised to file appeal on behalf of the Commissioner before the Tribunal under section 57.

(3) No appeal against an assessment order under this Act shall be entertained unless the appellant has furnished satisfactory proof of the payment of the amount of tax or fee due under this Act on the turnover of sale or purchase, or both, as the case may be, admitted by the appellant in the tax returns filed by him or at any stage in any proceedings under this Act, whichever is greater.

(4) The appeal shall be in the prescribed form and shall be verified in the prescribed manner.

(5) The appellate authority may, after calling for and examining the relevant records and after giving a reasonable opportunity of being heard to the appellant and the Commissioner-

(a) in the case of an order of assessment and penalty.-

(i) confirm or annul such order ; or

(ii) vary such order by reducing or enhancing the amount of assessment or penalty, as the case may be, whether such reduction or enhancement arises from a point raised in the grounds of appeal or otherwise ; or

(iii) set aside the order and direct the assessing authority to pass a fresh order after such inquiry as may be specified; or

(iv) direct the assessing authority to make such inquiry and to submit its report within such time as may be specified in the direction or within such extended time as it may allow from time to time, and on the expiration of such time the appellate authority may, whether the report has been submitted or not decide the appeal in accordance with the provisions of the preceding sub-clauses; or

(b) in the case of any other order-

(i) confirm, cancel or vary such order; or

(ii) set aside the order and direct the assessing authority to pass a fresh order after such inquiry as may be specified:

Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall preclude the appellate authority from dismissing the appeal at any stage with such observations as it deems fit where the appellant applies for withdrawal of the same and no request for examination of legality or propriety of order under appeal has been made by the Commissioner.

(6) The appellate authority, may, on the application of the appellant and after giving the Commissioner a reasonable opportunity of being heard stay, except the operation of order appealed against, the realisation of the disputed amount of tax, fee or penalty payable by the appellant till the disposal of the appeal :

Provided that -

(i) where an order under appeal involves dispute about tax, fee or penalty, no stay order shall remain in force after thirty days from the date on which the same has been granted, if the appellant does not furnish security to the satisfaction of the assessing authority for payment of the amount, the realisation whereof has been stayed within the aforesaid period of thirty days;

(ii) no such application shall be entertained unless it is filed along with the memorandum of appeal under sub-section (1);

(7) Section 5 of the Limitation Act, 1963, shall apply to appeals or other applications under this section.

(8) The appellate authority shall be under the superintendence and control of the Commissioner:

Provided that in the exercise of such superintendence and control, no order, instructions or directions shall be given by the Commissioner so as to interfere with the discretion of the Appellate Authority in the exercise of its appellate functions.

(9) For the purposes of this section service of an order passed by appellate authority under this section and service of memo of appeal on the State Representative, as defined in the rules framed under this Act, shall be deemed to be service on the Commissioner.

(10) All appeals arising out of the same cause of action in respect of an assessment year, as far as possible, shall be heard and decided together.